Chapter 6 - Advanced Trading Techniques

In this chapter, we'll delve deeper into the more intricate strategies that seasoned Betfair traders employ to maximize their profits.

While the foundational strategies provide a solid base, mastering these advanced techniques can significantly enhance your trading prowess and set you apart from the crowd.

Remember, as with all trading strategies, it's crucial to practice, refine, and adapt these techniques to fit your unique trading style and the specific market conditions.

"Learning more advanced trading strategies allows a Betfair trader to scale their income, particularly with in-play trading." - Philip Borrowman (Horse Race Trading Creator)

Weight of Money (WoM) Strategy

Weight of Money, commonly abbreviated as WoM, is a pivotal concept in Betfair trading. It represents the balance between unmatched back and lay bets in the market.

By analyzing the WoM, traders can predict short-term price movements, making it an invaluable tool for those looking to gain an edge in the market.

Importance of WoM in Predicting Price Movements

The WoM is essentially a ratio that indicates the direction in which the odds are likely to move. A WoM greater than 50% suggests there's more money waiting to be matched on the lay side, indicating the odds might drift.

Conversely, a WoM less than 50% implies more money on the back side, suggesting the odds might shorten.

For instance, if there's £500 waiting to be matched on the lay side at odds of 3.0 and £200 on the back side at odds of 3.05, the WoM would be:

WoM = Lay Money / (Lay Money + Back Money) WoM = £500 / (£500 + £200) = 71.4%

This high WoM indicates a potential drift in the odds.

Practical Examples and Case Studies

Example 1: Imagine a scenario where a horse named "Golden Sprint" is trading at odds of 4.0. The current unmatched bets show £1000 on the lay side at odds of 4.0 and £400 on the back side at odds of 4.1.

The WoM here is 71.4%, suggesting a potential upward movement in the odds.

Now, let's say a commentator mentions that "Golden Sprint" had a minor injury scare a few days ago. This could lead to a sudden influx of lay bets, further skewing the WoM and causing a more rapid drift in odds.

Example 2: In another race, "Desert Mirage" is trading at odds of 6.0. The market shows £300 on the lay side at odds of 6.0 and £900 on the back side at odds of 6.1. The WoM here is 25%, indicating a potential shortening of the odds.

However, if the weather suddenly changes and it starts to rain heavily, and "Desert Mirage" is known to perform poorly in wet conditions, traders might start placing more lay bets. This could shift the WoM, and traders need to be agile to adjust their positions accordingly.

How Market Dynamics Impact WoM

The WoM doesn't operate in isolation. Various external factors can influence the balance of unmatched bets. News about a horse's health, changes in weather conditions, or even rumors can lead to sudden shifts in the market, affecting the WoM.

For instance, if a trusted tipster publicly backs a particular horse, there might be a surge in back bets, altering the WoM dynamics.

Similarly, if there's a sudden downpour and the track becomes slippery, horses known to struggle in such conditions might see an increase in lay bets.

Traders need to be aware of these external influences and adjust their strategies accordingly. It's not just about reading the numbers but understanding the story behind those numbers.

The Weight of Money is a powerful tool in a trader's arsenal. However, it's essential to remember that while WoM provides valuable insights, it's just one piece of the puzzle.

Successful trading requires a holistic approach, considering both the quantitative aspects, like WoM, and the qualitative factors, like market news and conditions.

In-Play Trading

In-Play trading, as the name suggests, refers to trading that takes place after an event has started and up until its conclusion.

In the context of horse racing, this means trading on a race once the horses have left the starting gate and are on the track. 

Due to the dynamic nature of live events, in-play trading can be more volatile but also offers unique opportunities for traders who can read the race as it unfolds.

The Dynamics of In-Play Horse Racing Markets

The odds during in-play trading can fluctuate wildly based on what's happening in the race. A horse that starts as a favorite might see its odds drift significantly if it has a poor start or is boxed in.

Conversely, a horse with longer odds pre-race might see its odds shorten dramatically if it takes an early lead or if the favorites encounter problems.

Example 1:  Consider a horse named "Majestic Runner" that starts a race as the favorite with odds of 3.0. If "Majestic Runner" gets boxed in early and struggles to find space to break free, its odds might drift to 5.0 or even higher. Traders who anticipated this and laid the horse at 3.0 could then back it at the higher odds, securing a profit.

Example 2:  "Desert Wind", a horse with pre-race odds of 10.0, takes an unexpected early lead and maintains a strong pace. As the race progresses and "Desert Wind" shows no signs of slowing down, its odds might shorten to 4.0 or even lower. Traders who backed the horse at 10.0 could then lay it at the shorter odds, locking in a profit.

Factors Influencing In-Play Odds

In-play trading is a dynamic environment where odds can shift rapidly based on various factors during a race.

Understanding these factors and their potential impact on the odds is crucial for making informed trading decisions. Here's a breakdown of some of the primary factors that influence in-play odds:

  1. Race Position: The current position of a horse in the race can significantly sway its odds.

    Example: Consider a horse named "Lightning Bolt" that starts the race as a favorite with odds of 2.5. If, halfway through the race, "Lightning Bolt" is trailing in the fifth position, its odds might drift to 4.0. Conversely, if an underdog horse named "Dark Horse" with starting odds of 15.0 surprisingly leads the pack halfway, its odds could shorten to 6.0.
  2. Race Pace: The pace at which a horse runs, especially in the early stages, can influence its odds. A horse that sets a blistering pace might tire out, affecting its finishing position.

    Example:  "Speedster", known for its fast starts, dashes ahead and leads the race by a considerable margin in the first half. However, traders who know its history might anticipate it to tire out in the latter stages, causing its odds to drift as the race progresses.
  3. External Conditions: Track conditions, weather, and even interference from other horses can play a pivotal role in a horse's performance and its odds.

    Example:  "Muddy Marvel" has a track record of performing exceptionally well on wet tracks. On a rainy day, if the track becomes muddy, traders might expect "Muddy Marvel" to outperform its competitors, leading to its odds shortening.
  4. Jockey Decisions: The tactics and strategies employed by jockeys can influence a horse's odds. A jockey's decision to hold back a horse for a final sprint or to push it early can make a significant difference.

    Example: In a particular race, the jockey riding "Strategic Runner" decides to hold back for the majority of the race, conserving energy. Observant traders might anticipate a strong finish from "Strategic Runner" and could see its odds shorten as the race nears its end and the horse begins its powerful sprint.

By understanding and anticipating how these factors might influence the odds, traders can position themselves to capitalize on in-play trading opportunities.

Challenges and Risks of In-Play Trading

In-play trading is not without its challenges. The rapid odds fluctuations mean traders need to be on their toes and make quick decisions.

There's also the risk of video delays, where the broadcast a trader is watching might be a few seconds behind the actual live event. This delay can be detrimental, especially if significant race events are missed.

Moreover, liquidity can be lower in in-play markets compared to pre-race markets, making it harder to get bets matched at desired odds.

In-play trading offers a thrilling and dynamic trading environment. While the potential rewards are significant, it's essential to be aware of the inherent risks and challenges.

Proper preparation, a keen understanding of horse racing, and quick decision-making skills are crucial for success in in-play trading.

BetAngel Automation Trading

Automation in trading, especially in a platform like BetAngel, has revolutionized the way traders approach the markets. It allows traders to set specific criteria and rules, and once these conditions are met, trades are automatically executed without manual intervention. Here's a deep dive into BetAngel Automation Trading:

What is BetAngel Automation Trading?

BetAngel Automation is a feature within the BetAngel software that allows traders to create predefined rules and strategies for trading. Instead of manually clicking to place bets, the software does it for you based on the conditions you've set.

Example: You can set a rule where if a horse's odds drop by 10% within a 2-minute window, a lay bet is automatically placed.

Benefits of Automation:

Speed and Efficiency

  • Automated strategies can execute trades in milliseconds, far quicker than any manual intervention. This speed ensures you can capitalize on fleeting market opportunities.


  • Automation ensures that the trading strategy is applied consistently, without any emotional influence or human error. This can lead to more predictable results over time.

Emotion-Free Trading

  • Human traders can be influenced by emotions like fear, greed, or overconfidence. Automated systems, on the other hand, operate devoid of emotions, ensuring decisions are made purely based on data and pre-set criteria.


  • Automation allows you to run multiple strategies or trade on multiple markets simultaneously. This would be nearly impossible for a human to manage effectively in real-time.


  • Before deploying an automated strategy in a live environment, you can backtest it on historical data to gauge its effectiveness. This helps in refining the strategy and understanding its potential profitability.

Reduced Overhead

  • Once set up, automated systems can operate without constant monitoring. This can free up a trader's time, allowing them to focus on strategy development or other tasks.

Optimized Entry and Exit Points

  • Automated systems can be programmed to identify the best points of entry and exit based on technical indicators, ensuring trades are executed at optimal moments.

Risk Management

  • Automation can enforce strict risk management rules, such as setting stop losses or maximum drawdown limits. This can prevent large losses in volatile markets.

Adaptable to Market Conditions

  • Advanced automated systems can be designed to adapt to changing market conditions. For instance, they can adjust the trading strategy based on volatility or liquidity.

Data Analysis

  • Automated systems can collect and analyze vast amounts of data in real-time, providing insights that might be challenging to discern manually.

Cost Efficiency

  • Over time, automation can reduce the costs associated with manual trading, such as slippage or missed trading opportunities.

Continuous Trading

  • Automated systems can trade 24/7 if the market allows, ensuring no trading opportunity is missed.

While automation offers numerous benefits, it's essential to remember that no system is foolproof. It's crucial to monitor automated strategies, understand the underlying logic, and be prepared to intervene if unexpected market conditions arise.

Setting Up Automation in BetAngel:

BetAngel provides a user-friendly interface to set up your automation rules. You can define conditions based on price, volume, time, and other market indicators.

The software also allows for testing your automation strategies in a simulated environment before going live.

Example: You can create a rule where if the volume of bets on a particular horse exceeds £10,000 within a minute, and the odds are shortening, a back bet is placed.

Common Automated Strategies:

  • Stop Loss: Automatically limiting potential losses by setting a threshold.
  • Tick Offset: Placing a counter bet a few ticks away from your original bet to lock in profit.
  • Fill or Kill: If a bet isn't matched within a specified time, it's automatically canceled.

Things to Consider:

While automation can be a powerful tool, it's essential to monitor it, especially when starting. Market conditions can change, and it's crucial to ensure your strategies are still relevant. Regularly reviewing and tweaking your automation rules can optimize performance.

Example: If you've set an automation rule based on a specific jockey's performance, and that jockey is on a losing streak, you might want to pause or adjust that rule.

10 automation examples you can create using BetAngel

BetAngel Automation Trading offers a sophisticated yet user-friendly way to enhance your trading strategies. By leveraging the power of automation, you can execute trades with precision, speed, and consistency, giving you an edge in the competitive world of Betfair trading.

1: Price Gap Detection:

  • Trigger: If there's a sudden gap in the back and lay prices of a horse.
  • Action: Place a bet anticipating the gap will close.

2: Volume Surge:

  • Trigger: If the traded volume on a horse increases by 20% within a 30-second window.
  • Action: Back the horse, anticipating a price drop due to increased backing.

3: Late Market Movement:

  • Trigger: If a horse's odds shorten significantly in the last 2 minutes before a race.
  • Action: Lay the horse, predicting a bounce back in price.

4: Resistance Point Reversal:

  • Trigger: If a horse's odds hit a known resistance point (like 2.0) and then start to drift.
  • Action: Lay the horse, expecting the drift to continue.

5: Jockey/Trainer Combo:

  • Trigger: If a horse with a high win-rate jockey-trainer combination has odds that are shortening.
  • Action: Back the horse, anticipating further price contraction.

6: In-Play Speed:

  • Trigger: If a horse leads by over 2 lengths in an in-play race.
  • Action: Back the horse, expecting its odds to shorten further.

7: Weather Impact:

  • Trigger: If there's a sudden change in weather conditions (like rain) and a horse known to perform poorly in such conditions sees its odds shortening.
  • Action: Lay the horse, predicting its odds will drift due to the weather factor.

8: Market Favorite Shift:

  • Trigger: If the second favorite's odds start to shorten rapidly, making it a potential new favorite.
  • Action: Back the second favorite, anticipating it will become the new market leader.

9: In-Play Recovery:

  • Trigger: If a horse that was a pre-race favorite falls behind but begins to make a comeback in-play.
  • Action: Back the horse, predicting a strong finish and odds contraction.

10: Early Market Mover:

  • Trigger: If a horse's odds shorten significantly in the morning markets.
  • Action: Lay the horse, anticipating a price correction closer to the race start.

Remember, while these automation strategies can be effective, it's essential to test them in a simulated environment first and adjust based on results and market conditions.

Let's Move To The Next Chapter

Mastering the advanced trading techniques we've explored in this chapter can significantly elevate your trading game.

From understanding the nuances of Weight of Money to diving deep into the adrenaline-pumping world of in-play trading, and harnessing the power of BetAngel's automation capabilities, you're now equipped with strategies that can potentially amplify your profits and streamline your trading process.

However, as with all things trading, continuous learning and adaptation are key. The market is ever-evolving, and so should your strategies. Remember to always test new techniques in a controlled environment before going all out.

As we transition to the next chapter, we'll delve into the essential tools and software that can further enhance your trading experience.

From charting tools to analytical software, Chapter 7 - Trading Software and Tools will guide you through the digital arsenal available to modern traders.

Equip yourself with these tools, and you'll be well on your way to becoming a formidable force in the Betfair trading arena. 

Onward to Chapter 7!

Chapter 7 - Trading Software and Tools >>>